Asthma & Allergy

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Asthma & Allergy

In childhood asthma, the lungs and airways become easily inflamed when exposed to certain triggers, such as inhaling pollen or catching a cold or other respiratory infection.

What Is Asthma?

Asthma is also known as “bronchial asthma.” It is a disorder that affects the lungs. This disease doesn’t go away and requires regular medical treatment.

During breathing, muscles around the airways are relaxed, and the air move quickly. When you have an asthma attack, the following things can occur:

  • Bronchospasm: The muscles near the airways tighten. It may make your airways narrow. Air cannot flow through tightened airways because air needs a freely moving way.
  • Mucus production: During an asthma attack, your body makes more mucus. This thick mucus blocks the airways.
  • Inflammation: If the lining of your airways has swollen. Swollen airways may affect the lungs.

Types of Asthma 

Asthma is of two types according to the causes and severity:

Intermittent: Intermittent is a kind of asthma that comes and goes. During this asthma stage, you can feel normal between asthma flares.

Persistent Asthma: Persistent Asthma is a type in which you can often experience symptoms. Asthma’s signs can be mild or severe. Only an Asthma specialist Doctor can clear you how frequently you have Asthma symptoms, and he is also clear about what you can do during an asthma attack.


Signs of Asthma

Chest tightness, pain or pressure, Coughing, Shortness of breath, and Wheezing are the symptoms of Asthma. 


Diagnosis of Asthma

To diagnose Asthma disease, your healthcare provider will ask for your medical history and ask you about your symptoms. Your healthcare provider may order for order a chest X-Ray and spirometry. 


Treatment of Asthma

Your healthcare provider may offer you some medications and Therapies, i.e., Bronchodilators, Anti-inflammatory medicines, and Biologic therapies for asthma.


What Is Allergy?

If A person comes in contact with substances in the atmosphere that are innocuous to most people, it can cause allergies. These substances are called allergens and are available in dust mites, insects, ticks, molds, foods, pets, pollen, and medications. Allergy is one of the influential factors linked with the persistence and cause of asthma. 


What Does an Allergist Do?

An allergist is responsible for diagnosing and treating asthma. He also treats allergic disorders. The allergist also has experience in identifying allergy and asthma triggers. Allergists assist people in treating or controlling their allergy issues.


When To See an Allergist?

You can see an allergist in the following conditions:

– Skin resulting in hives (urticaria) or eczema.
– Lungs result in asthma.
Eyes and Nose that result in allergic conjunctivitis and rhinitis.


What To Expect From the Allergist?

The allergist will perform many tests to determine the relevant allergen which triggers your immunity power. He asks you about your symptoms and then makes the plan to treat your allergic issues. In treating the allergy, your allergist may recommend you stay away from the substances that affect you and give the medication that helps you to provide relief in recovery.

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