Neonatal & Pediatric Surgery

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Neonatal & Pediatric Surgery

Paediatric surgeons are doctors who specialize in treating surgical problems of children. They’re trained to do operations on infants, children, and young adults.

Pediatric Surgery is a medical specialization. It is a surgical treatment of children or infants involving children or babies under the age of 12 months. Pediatric surgeons are medical experts who operate on infants, young adults, and children. 


When a child needs surgery, in this situation, the parents of the child need to visit the pediatric surgeon for their child’s treatment. 


What Does the Pediatric Surgeon Do?


Children are not able to tell their problems always as adult patients. But a Pediatric Surgeon knows how to communicate with the children. Pediatric surgeons also included diagnosing conditions and caring for children before or after pediatric surgery. Pediatric surgeons are specialists in one of the following:


Prenatal: Prenatal surgery, also called Fetal Surgery, includes surgical interventions performed on a fetus still in the uterus. This type of surgery is provided at the larger medical centers. 


Neonatal: Neonatal Surgery includes the treatment of congenital disabilities or congenital disabilities in infants. 


Pediatric Oncology: Pediatric Oncologists treat children who have cancer.


Trauma: Trauma Surgeries requires when a child suffers from an injury like a cut, burn, fracture, or internal damage. Children need special medical care due to these types of reasons. 


What Are the Types of Pediatric Surgeries?

Pediatric Surgeons may perform the following pediatric surgeries as per the child’s disorders:


  • Abdominal wall surgery
  • Airway and respiratory surgery
  • Bowel surgery
  • Cancer and tumor surgery
  • Chest wall surgery
  • Gastrointestinal surgery
  • Genitourinary surgery
  • Liver and biliary tract surgery
  • Lymph node surgery
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Neonatal surgery
  • Ovary surgery
  • Spleen surgery
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Trauma surgery
  • Vascular surgery


Why do We Need Pediatric Surgery?


If your children suffer from one of the following pediatric disorders, then your doctor will refer you a pediatric surgery:


  • Abdominal wall defects: gastroschisis, omphalocele, hernias
  • Chest wall deformities: pectus excavatum
  • Childhood tumors: Wilms’ tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, Neuroblastoma, ATRT, teratomas, liver tumors, kidney tumors, and other cancers
  • Conjoined twin’s separation.
  • Congenital malformations: Lymphangioma, esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula, cleft lip and palate, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, necrotizing enterocolitis, meconium plugs, intestinal atresia, Hirschsprung’s disease, imperforate anus, undescended testes, intestinal Malrotation, and intestinal Malrotation.


What to Expect From the Pediatric Surgeon?


All the nurses and staff members must follow the guidelines before the surgery. They also do some tests for the flu, a cold, or any medical problems. Before starting the surgery, the surgeon will give the anesthesia to numb the affected area.

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