ENT Surgery

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ENT Surgery

ENT Surgery, also called Otolaryngology Surgery, is performed by an otolaryngologist or ENT surgeon to treat health issues related to the Ears, Nose, and Throat.

ENT Surgeons are highly trained to treat children or adults with Ear, Nose, or Throat diseases. Sometimes, ear, nose, and throat issues may require surgery. This page helps in learning about ENT Surgery in detail.


What is an ENT Surgeon or Otolaryngologist?


An ENT Surgeon or otolaryngologist is a surgeon responsible for diagnosing and treating conditions affecting your head and neck. Otolaryngologists or ENT surgeons are trained in either surgical or non-surgical treatments. 




– Otolaryngologists or ENT Surgeons are specialists, undergraduates, and graduates of licensed medical schools.
– They also have residency training for around five years or more in their relevant area.
– Some ENT surgeons may also have subspecialties like pediatric otolaryngology and reconstructive surgery.


What Does an Otolaryngologist or ENT Surgeon Do?


An otolaryngologist diagnoses and treats ear, nose, throat, and head and neck disorders. These Head, Neck, Ear, Nose, and Throat-related issues can be mild or severe. An Otolaryngologist focuses on the following conditions:

Ear Conditions: 


An ENT Surgeon treats many Ear Conditions, i.e., 


– chronic ear infections

– ear pain

– hearing loss

– ruptured eardrum

– inner ear conditions, such as Meniere’s disease

– tinnitus

– middle ear fluid

– otosclerosis
– ear tumors

– impacted earwax

– dizziness or vertigo

– eustachian tube dysfunction

– temporal bone fractures


Nose Conditions:


As we know, our nose is for breathing and to take in several smells from our atmosphere. Sometimes, we go through some nose conditions treated by an otolaryngologist. These conditions can be


– postnasal drip

– nosebleeds

– nasal polyps

– deviated septum

– allergies

– rhinitis

– sinusitis

– smell disorders

– nasally obstructed breathing


Throat Condition:


Through the help of throat tissues, we can speak, breathe, and swallow. An otolaryngologist or ENT Surgeon also treats the following throat issues:


– laryngitis

– Hoarseness
– swallowing disorders

– vocal cord disorders

– sore throat

– gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

– conditions affecting the tonsils and adenoids

– sleep apnea

– airway issues like subglottic stenosis

– throat tumors

– snoring


Head and Neck Conditions:


An ENT Specialist also treats the conditions related to the Neck and Head. These conditions can be


– Head or neck infections 

– head or neck tumors 

– facial injuries or deformities involving plastic or reconstructive surgery 

– thyroid issues

– congenital neck masses

– free flap reconstruction


When should you see an ENT surgeon or otolaryngologist?


An ENT doctor can frequently assist with ailments that impact your ears, nose, and throat. This is generally the case if you’re undergoing an acute (short-term) illness like an ear infection, sinus infection, or sore throat. 


To get relief from these infections, you need to see an Otolaryngologist immediately. You may need to see an ENT Surgeon or Specialist if the cases include regular instances of nasal congestion, runny nose, or sinus pressure, frequent conditions, including sinus conditions, ear disorders, or strep throat, problems with swallowing

a detectable lump or bump that forms in your face or neck and doesn’t go away or gets immense, repeated attacks of dizziness, differences in hearing, hoarseness or wheezing that doesn’t go away, ailments that affect your capacity to sleep, such as snoring or sleep apnea.


Conclusion: Otolaryngologists are experts in treating ear, nose, and throat conditions as an ENT doctor. ENT surgeons specialize in diagnosing and treating these conditions but also perform ENT Surgery. 




Q.1. What kind of surgery is performed by an ENT Surgeon?

Ans. An ENT Surgeon performs surgeries for Ear, Nose, Throat, Head and Neck conditions. These surgeries include Ear tubes (tympanostomy), Myringoplasty, Tympanoplasty, Tympanoplasty with Ossicular Reconstruction, Tympanomastoidectomy, Tympanomastoidectomy with Ossicular Reconstruction, Stapedectomy, and others.


Q.2. Does an ENT Surgeon treat Thyroid Issues?
Ans. Yes, as an ENT surgeon who treats throat issues, he also offers treatment for thyroid problems.


Q.3. Does an Otolaryngologist perform Head and Neck Surgery?

Ans. Yes, an ENT Surgeon performs Head and Neck Surgery.


  1. 4. What is the cost of ENT surgery in India?

Ans. The cost of ENT Surgery is around 40,000 to 60,000/- in India.


Q.5. Does an ENT Surgeon have expertise in Non-Surgical Treatment?

Ans. Yes, ENT Surgeons are skilled and experienced in Non-Surgical Treatment.

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