Common Cold: What Are the Symptoms and Causes of it?

The common cold is an infectious viral infection that affects the nose and throat. But, this viral infection sometimes also affects the sinuses and the throat. Many types of viruses cause colds-like symptoms. The Rhinovirus is one of them. Children are mainly exposed to the common cold and may undergo the infection thrice a year. 

The common cold is a kind of upper respiratory tract infection. Bacteria cause it, lasting up to 8 or 10 days. There is no medicine for the common cold, and a cure commonly involves controlling symptoms until the infection is recovered.

Causes of Common Cold

The leading cause of the Common Cold is rhinovirus. This virus can enter through the Eyes, Nose, or Mouth. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, rhinovirus droplets can combine in the air. Then, contracting this infected air can make your child ill.

Handshaking with a person who has a cold can also contribute to the common cold. Thus, you must avoid touching your face after this kind of contact. Cold viruses, such as towels, toys, dishes, or telephones, can stay on different surfaces. When your children share these infected items, it may cause virus transmission; hygiene and disinfecting are crucial. 

Understanding common cold causes and transmission can encourage people to take preventive measures, like handwashing, avoiding close contact with sick ones, and keeping a hygienic atmosphere to decrease the chances of contracting this pervasive infection.

Symptoms of Common Cold

The signs of Common cold in children arise within 1 to 3 days after contracting the cold virus. The symptoms of this disease can last for one week or two weeks. The signs of a common cold can be distinct for each child. The symptoms of a Common cold include Problems sleeping, Congestion in the nose, Fussiness or sleepiness, Sometimes vomiting and diarrhea, and Fever.

Other symptoms of common cold in other children may include 

  • Scratchy,
  • Watery eyes
  • Stuffy or runny nose, 
  •  tickly throat
  • Sneezing
  • Congestion
  • Mild hacking cough
  • Sore throat
  • Headaches
  • Achy muscles and bones
  • Low-grade fever
  • Watery discharge from the nose that thickens and turns yellow or green
  • Chills
  • Extreme tiredness (fatigue).

Diagnosis of the Common Cold

The Diagnosis of the Common Cold is wholly based on the signs that occur in children. However, common cold symptoms can be the same as allergies, bacterial infections, or health issues.

Treatment of Common Cold

There has been no treatment available for the Common Cold till now. Generally, the symptoms of this infection recover in Children on their own. The symptoms of a Common Cold can ease until the disorder passes. You have to try to keep your child hydrated. You may give them a lot of fluids like water, apple juice, and warm liquids like soup. These fluids prevent your child from dehydration.

You need to ensure that your child is resting correctly and try to keep your child at home until their fever is recovered.

How Do I prevent my child from common colds?

  • Children may touch their eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands. It would help if you tried to ensure your child doesn’t do this. You have to teach your kids about the significance of hand-washing. 
  • Always try to use tissue when you are sneezing and coughing, then throw it simultaneously. After that, you must wash your hands to avoid the viral infection.
  • Wash your hands before eating the food.
  • When many children play together, You must ensure that your child’s toys and play areas are adequately cleaned.

FAQs:

Q.1. What are the complications of the Common Cold in Children?

Ans. If your child has a cold, there are chances of complications, including Ear infections, Pneumonia, Sinus infections, or Throat infections.

Q.2. What are the symptoms of the common cold in babies?

Ans. Trouble sleeping, Fussiness, nasal congestion, vomiting, diarrhea, and Fever are the signs of the common cold in babies.

Q.3. What Are The Risk Factors of Common Cold in Children?
Ans. The Risk Factors of Common Cold in Children can be:

  • Less immunity power in children can increase the risk of getting cold germs.
  • When children are in close contact, cold transmits quickly.
  • Bad habit of touching eyes, nose, or mouth with uncleaned hands.
  • Children mostly get colds and coughs in the fall and winter.

Q.4. How long does a common cold last in Children?

Ans. The Common Cold lasts for one or two weeks in children.

Q.5. Is Common Cold Preventable?

Ans. You can prevent a cold by frequently handwashing and avoiding someone with a cold or infection. You can also use the face mask that prevents the infection caused by rhinovirus in airborne droplets from coughs or sneezes.