Influenza (flu) in Children

Influenza (flu)

Influenza (flu) is a contagious viral infection that influences the airways of the lungs. During Flu Infection, your child may experience high fever, body aches, a cough, etc. However, most children have mild symptoms that last for a week, while some children are prone to severe sicknesses that require hospitalization. Influenza (Flu) may cause pneumonia or death.

Types of Influenza Viruses

Influenza viruses are of two types: 

Influenza types A and B

These types of viruses cause respiratory disease epidemics that arise annually during the winter season. They frequently raise rates of hospitalization and death. Public health endeavors to prevent the effects of influenza types A and B. One of the causes of the flu that remains a concern is the viruses changing daily. This means that people are exposed to new virus types every year.

Influenza C:

This virus does not occur frequently or in a particular season. It’s a very mild respiratory illness without any symptoms. It is not a severe condition.

Causes of Influenza

Children who frequently get in close contact with others with Flu Virus Infection can cause Influenza. The Influenza Virus spreads through respiratory droplets that infected people release when coughing or sneezing. Also, direct contact with infected saliva is a different virus transmission route. 

As a teacher, parent, or healthcare expert, it’s crucial to understand that the flu virus can be transmitted to children up to a day before showing any signs and can stay infectious for one week after becoming ill. The virus is transmitted between children through shared items such as pencils, toys, and computers and through hand-shaking. This emphasizes the importance of taking preventative actions to decrease the spread of the flu among kids.

Signs of Influenza (Flu)

Influenza (Flu) is a respiratory disorder that affects the whole body of children. The symptoms of Influenza in children may include

  • Fever (as high as 103° F (39.4° C) to 105° F (40.5° C))
  • Muscle and joint aches and pains
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Worsening cough
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Not feeling well “all over”
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Sore throat

Diagnosis of Influenza in Children

If the flu is widespread, your healthcare provider will diagnose your child’s influenza infection based on their symptoms. Still, sometimes, he performs some tests to detect the presence of the influenza virus. 

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests are too common in hospitals and laboratories. This test may be accomplished while you’re in your healthcare professional’s clinic or office. PCR testing is more susceptible than other types of physical tests and may be able to determine influenza pressure.

How do you prevent influenza (Flu) Infections in kids?

  • Immunization is the best option for preventing influenza virus infections. Children younger than five years old and anyone in the family facing a severe disease must get a Flu Shot to prevent it, even if it takes six months.
  • If there are children below the month age group, they can get the flu infection quickly if they aren’t immunized with the flu shot. Thus, getting a flu shot is too needy to avoid flu (influenza) infection. 
  • You can keep your children away from the person with symptoms like flu infection.
  • Handwashing is the best way to stay away from this severe disease.
  • Teaching your children to use the tissues when coughing or sneezing would be best.
  • Only share the toys, towels, or other everyday things with children once adequately cleaned.

Treatment of Influenza

You need to make sure that your child stays hydrated always. They have to rest appropriately without any activities. If your child feels uncomfortable with the symptoms of Influenza, you have to make an appointment with the healthcare provider. He gives your child some antiviral medicines to ease your child’s symptoms by diagnosing the type of flu infection. 

At home, you can also ensure that your child drinks the proper amount of water or fluids to prevent dehydration. You must also teach your children to keep their hands clean to reduce the chances of getting a flu infection.

Conclusion: Understanding the flu’s effect on children is essential. Here, you can get further information regarding the flu, its modes of spreading, and prevention techniques. Prioritizing yearly vaccinations and encouraging adequate hygiene habits are essential to protect children’s health. Stay informed and acquainted to safeguard the little ones of your family or community from influenza virus infection.


Q.1. What are the types of Influenza?

Ans. Influenza (Flu) Viruses are separated into three kinds, i.e., Influenza Type A, B, and C. Influenza A and B viruses appear in the winter season. Still, Influenza Virus C occurs infrequently in any season.

Q.2. What are the symptoms of Influenza Type A Virus Infection?

Ans. The signs of Influenza Type A Virus Infection include coughing, runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, fever, headache, fatigue, chills, and body aches.

Q.3. Which type of Influenza Infection is too effective?

Ans. 3. Influenza Type A Virus Infection is very effective. In this infection, a pandemic may occur due to the combination of new and different influenza Type A Viruses. It affects the immunity power of children or adults.